Questions & Answers

How many rods can I use?

Two rods is the legal limit at Sierra Brava. The rules changed early last year from three to two , and you can be fined if caught using more than two. I look at it this way – two rods in the right place are better than three of four in bad spots. Personally I think angler’s fish better with two rods as concentration levels are more focussed, and there are less lines in the water when fish are being landed.

Is night fishing really legal?

The rules in Extremadura are changing later this year and the news is good news. At the present moment night fishing is still illegal but, you are allowed to stay on the bank at night!!!

How will we get to the lake?

Getting to and from the lake is all part of the Sierra Brava adventure! I now have a luxury 4×4 with air-con for the hot journeys, and a very large trailer. This is big enough to accommodate 4 anglers equipment, plus your personal kit, my equipment for cooking plus additional facilities, and “Flash” of course. Some areas of the lake take ten minutes to reach, others can take an hour. The tracks are quite slow and potholed in places and occasionally wet and muddy, so journey times can vary considerably.

What is the biggest carp in Sierra Brava?

The unofficial lake record is 69lb. Many 60lb carp are caught each year and there are countless 50’s and 40’s. There are undoubtedly fish that have escaped capture for a few years, so Sierra Brava is always likely to turn up a surprise.

Is it possible to reserve a swim?

Sierra Brava is a public lake, so booking swims is not possible. There is access round most of the lake when the water levels are down, and providing people drive below the white concrete bollards that adorn the lakes perimeter, anglers are allowed to go where they choose. Some areas are always busy with weekend anglers, and other more inaccessible parts are normally fairly quiet.

Are there nuisance species in Sierra Brava?

Crayfish can be a slight problem in the warmer months. Bringing some form of boilie protection – either shrink tube or mesh is advisable. Happily, catfish and bream are not an issue at SB so when you get a take, expect a carp on the other end.

Are there any dangerous insects?

Apart from wasps and bees which are common in the UK and Europe, the only insects or creatures you need to occasionally watch out for are small brown scorpions (normally found under rocks), and the occasional snake. The shy Viper is common all over Europe. Some spiders in Spain also seem to bite. I have never been bitten incidentally!

How many fish can I expect to catch in a week?

There are many factors that apply to this question. When you book, and what is happening when you arrive. Weather plays a large part in carp fishing, as does the time of year. The annual spawning period is normally a good opportunity to bag up, but even that can be different from year to year. Sierra Brava is not a runs water. It can be tricky on some days, but other days can see plenty of action. If you are a capable angler you should be confident when you fish at Sierra Brava, and I would expect you to catch carp during your stay. As an example – I have caught five carp in a night in November. The fish are there to be caught!

Do I need to bring shock-leaders?

I recommend shock-leaders and I supply my own choice which is 36lb Pro-Tough. You are welcome to bring your own type if you wish. There are many sharp and jagged rocks and lots of hidden trees. You need a shock-leader with good abrasion resistance, and good knot strength.

I have heard of anglers taking 100kg of bait with them to France – is this really necessary?

I would never try to sell you 100kg of bait! To begin with I would suggest you buy 5-10kg of boilies, and pop-ups etc to match. Particles such as tiger nuts, hemp, and pellet work well, so a 10kg bucket of mixed tiger and hemp, and 10kg of pellet, should be enough to get on with. If you need more I will supply more. (My stock of boilies is usually around the 200kg region.) If the fish are having it, then you can throw what you want at them, but in my experience, the fish find your hookbait quicker with less free food lying around – it is up to you to keep topping the swim up, after each capture and at regular intervals throughout the day and night.

Can I bring my wife or girlfriend?

If she is a moaner – then no! You are welcome to bring your wife or girlfriend but she does not come for free if she stays on the bank. Tackle hire and guiding would be excluded from the cost of her holiday, unless fishing of course; contact me for a quote.

Are there really bulls on the lake?

Yes, but they are harmless really, and will run away if you approach them. The only time to be careful is when the bulls are in calf or have just given birth – then beware of the large male as he will protect them.

Is there anywhere to buy beer on the lake?

No is the answer. You will have a chance to go to a supermarket before we head to the lake. Here you can buy any drinks and additional snack/food items to help you during your stay. I will obviously provide you with breakfast, lunch and dinner, but I leave the beer/alcohol to you. You are given a coolbox, and i have ways to keep drinks chilled. I don’t drink whilst I am in charge of clients.

What happens if I lose my spod?

I will supply and sell certain items of end tackle. For example: I stock and sell Spombs which are a great new bait delivery product. The device is shaped like a rocket, it quickly opens to fill with bait, you close the device, cast to your spot, and it springs opens automatically, when it hits the water. The product can be cast long distances with ease and retrieves very well across the surface.

What times of year are best for fishing?

March and May are always good times of year due to the spawning period and predictable movement of carp. Mid-July to Mid-Aug are not times I would advise due to the heat. Both Spring and Autumn are very good periods as are the Winter months Dec-Jan which are still very productive and offer a great alternative to harsh Winter fishing elsewhere in Europe with frozen lakes and frozen temps. Extremadura does not freeze and does not get that cold – the fishing in fact can be great.


Well, I have finally made it out onto the banks of Sierra Brava since my short Christmas session. There have been a few times since that session when the desire to go fishing has crept into my mind, but I have been quite busy with other things in January, such as my trip to Prague, and working on my house. These things were priorities. I also go fishing when I want to these days and not because I have to. I think you should fish on these terms to get the most from the sport and when I feel I am just going through the motions and enduring it, rather than enjoying it, I don’t want to be on the bank.

I am fishing a new swim. I have decided that over the next month I will try to get on the bank at least once a week to explore some new territory. I have favoured areas but the water level is really low at the moment and not how it was at this time last year. This has advantages and disadvantages. The advantage is the fish are easier to find as there is less water for them to hide in, but the disadvantage is the access around the lake is very easy with a normal car meaning areas that were quiet last year, might not be this year. Last year there were some great areas that could only be reached if you had a good 4 x 4 and you basically had this certain section of the lake to yourself. However, this certain area would not be the same at the moment as the water levels are low, so I suppose it doesn’t matter anyway!

The plan therefore is to do some homework and find some swims that offer really good fishing for myself and my clients, and fortunately on Sierra Brava that is never hard to do. For example I have only been fishing 24 hours and I have caught two carp already, from a brand new swim I have never wet a line in before. This is what I love about Sierra Brava – the whole lake fishes well to be honest and if the conditions are right and the carp are having it, most people stand a good chance of getting a bend in their rods.

Sierra Brava Dreams

Come and experience the Sierra Brava adventure yourself!

Guided fishing trips with Jake Langley-Hobbs at the epic venue Sierra Brava, located in the breathtaking Extremadura region of Spain. All carp anglers with the sense for adventure are invited to come and sample the great fishing on offer, with the chance of catching big public water carp, whilst being guided, and catered for, by Jake himself.

Full details and a wealth of information can be found on this website to help you choose the right package for you, and your fishing friends. Intent on providing a quality service, Jake is only taking a maximum of four anglers in any one booking. Imagine fishing using the latest equipment available, carefully chosen bait, combined with superb food and facilities, plus Jake’s experience in fishing; it can only guarantee a memorable adventure from start to finish.

Offering trips from three – fourteen days, Jake will be with you every step of the way, along with his friendly dog, Flash, for company. Sierra Brava is the perfect venue for newcomers to large public water fishing, offering everything you could want from a fishing holiday with a difference.

Lifecycle of Human Being



The four focal phases of Human cycle comprise birth and early stages, childhood, youth and maturity. Birth commonly takes place between insemination and 40 weeks following insemination whereas embryonic stage lasts from birth through the first year of life. On the other hand, babyhood is between the ages of one and ten and youth is between 12 and 18. Lastly, adulthood is the lengthiest and it lasts from age 18 to old age.





The basic eight stages are:

  1. Prenatal
  2. First year of infant’s life
  3. Toddler
  4. School age
  5. Adolescence
  6. Adult
  7. Lactating female
  8. Mature adult

Life cycle and age  to be in that life cycle:

  1. Prenatal :25- 40 years
  2. First year of infant’s life:0 to 12 months
  3. Toddler:1 – 2 year
  4. School age:3 to 12 years
  5. Adolescence: 13 to 19 years
  6. Adult: 19 to rest of the life
  7. Lactating female: 18-40 years
  8. Mature adult: 21 years to rest of the life

Describe nutritional challenges associated with that particular lifecycle.

Birth to 12 months

  • Begin and continue breastmilk or formula.

4 to 6 months

  • Start cereals.
  • Start vegetables, fruits, and juices. Use real fruit juices, not a sweetened fruit drink. Use commercial baby food or unseasoned strained and mashed table foods.

5 to 6 months Babies can sit up in a high chair with support.

  • Start plain meats which have more iron and protein than combination dinners or soups.

6 to 9 months

  • Start finger foods. Teething crackers and other foods such as toast, or dry, unsweetened cereal are good choices.
  • Practice using a cup to drink milk, juice, or water as an adult holds it. Two handle cups and a spout are easiest to use.

9 to 12 months

  • Start table diets that are well sliced or crushed. Avoid giving hard foods, such as nuts, popcorn, or raw vegetables; babies easily choke on these items.

Infancy and Early Childhood:

Energy. While most adults necessitate 25 to 30 calories per kg, a 4 kg kid requires more than 100 kcals/kg (430 calories/day). Children 4 to 6 months who weigh 6 kg require roughly 82 kcals/kg (490 calories/day). Liveliness needs remain high through the early influential years. Children 1 to 3 years of age require around 83 kcals/kg (990 kcals/day). Energy supplies decline afterward and are based on weight, height, and physical activity.


  1. Life Cycles (album) by The Word Alive
  2. Life Cycle (Dave Holland album), 1983
  3. Life Cycle (Sieges Even album), 1988
  4. Lifecycle (album), a 2008 album by Yellowjackets

Copyright Basics

Today more than ever, photographs and other visual media are at our fingertips. Whether it’s through Google Images or Flickr or AceMyHW, we have endless visual media available for us to use. Or, do we?


Watch the video Copyright Basics


Then, in a 2 page paper, examine the benefits and challenges associated with having so many visuals available to us today. Describe the possible ethical and legal implications of using these photos, and explain how these issues can be avoided.





Photographs are collection of memories, places and events. Now days we get Photographs of all places, memories and celebrites on Google images and Flickr or any other website. People are very much fond of photographs of Places, celebrities and Artistic photos. Now days we can see, Photos and Videos are at fingertips we can download it at the help of one click.

With the advancement of the Paparazzi, a normal photograph is not a photograph any more it is being sold as millions to other big news agencies and daily agencies.

There are many benefits of the photo world now a days, the most advantage we have is that we can upload our photos and keep it safe on the internet, without the public viewing of the photographs.

The are many websites like Flickr, Instagram and etc. Where are storing more than 100 of GB of photos every day. The other most valuable aspect of the Photo world is the education that can be given through the photos.

Through the Photos we can teach children about the various aspects of Education. We can also search the paintings of Picasso, Da Vinci. The whole pictorial representation of the Century can be viewed by just clicking the Search button. We can view a variety of pictures from those of Hitler to Footsteps of Neil Armstrong. These are the most advantages of the Photos that we can view on the internet.

The major disadvantages we get from the photo world are MORE IN NUMBER.


There are also some explicit content shown of the web, which are very harmful to the children and the viewer’s searching the web.

The major harm the photo world does is to the celebrites and the respected people all around the globe. There are many news agencies and paparazzi, they follow the celebs and poke their privacy to take private photos of them and sell it out on the web, leaving them humiliated in front of the world.

The photos which can hurt religious sentiments, and can cause a furor

Should be banned before publishing, people publishing the photos on the net should be held in for publishing such controversial pictures.

The other legal step must be the photo sharing to remain private and confidential. There have been many photos of celebrities that have been leaked to cause harm to the people.

These are some advantages and disadvantes of the photo world on the internet,



Physics Problems PHY 101

  1. When object is tossed in the air, nothing affects its acceleration but the acceleration of gravity only. So, the source of the acceleration is the force of gravity solely.


The objects interacting with the ball is the hand that gives force to the ball to go upward.  Then as the ball is on the air, the force of gravity interacts with the ball that causes the ball to comes back to the ground and not move upward forever.

When a ball is tossed in the air, its initial velocity is zero

When given a force, it gains a velocity and go upward. The

object accelerates under the force of gravity .


here the objects interacting with the ball are the hand which gives the thrust and the gravitional force, due to which it comes back to the ground



  1. Supposedly an object in this motion should have not a horizontal acceleration because only the force of gravity acts on the object. So if only gravity acts on the object, only vertical acceleration is present. The possible source of the horizontal acceleration is an external force that affects the motion of the object, disabling it to accelerate in vertical only.

The gravitional acceleration = -9.8 m/s^2

Let  the ball is going upward with the velocity of  u m/sec e

Velocity through horizontal = v*cos x.

X is angle of the throw.

So ,

The observed acceleration in horizontal is zero.

The vertical acceleration is = -9.8 m/sec^2

The objects interacting here are the hand and the force of gravity.



  1. Yes the source of acceleration observed is the same with the answer in 1a. As you can see in the data the acceleration is almost close to the constant acceleration due to gravity which 9.8 m/s2.

When an object is dropped, it gains acceleration of the force of gravity.

So the height its falls its velocity Is zero

And acceleration is 9.8 m/s^2




For a tossed object


V = 3 m /sec^2.   Suppose

So ,  when going upwards  it  speed =  V = 3  -9.8 * t .

T  is  t time,

At when  v= 0  , its  drops due to force of gravity

So  it falls with positive acceleration  = 9.8 m/sec^2

So both are different




Data sheet  4



We know the equation of displacement

D = v(i)*t  + ½ * a *t ^2

Dy= v(i)y*t + ½* ay*t^2.


Where  dy= dx



We are doing average of three columns.

K                 m                        n                                 average

9.5755      9.6245              10.154+/- 1.57135             9.78+/-1.51715

Yes, all the data makes need to eliminate one .




2.c  7.757+/-4.556m/s2= aaverage

2d. No. The motion of the object should be always perpendicular whatever the forward horizontal velocity is. It is always independent with each other. Wherein by the equation of motion:

Vx=V0x ; constant all the time.

Vy=Voy+at; where velocity changes uniformly by 9.8m/s2 per second.

So, example if at t-1s, and initial velocity v0y=2m/s:


At t=2s;


So, clearly the vertical motion of the object will not be any affected by whatever horizontal motion is. It will always only be affected by the force of gravity.



2e. The mass of the object does not in any way affect the vertical acceleration of the system. The only possibility that causes its variation is the drag force since the system is not done in a vacuum. There would be some external forces dragging the motion horizontally. From the equation of motion also below, mass m has nothing to do with or it’s not included, meaning it is always independent of the mass of the object.





3a. Yes, same as the graph my data also has negative slope for both tossed and drop and almost same because as we all know the slope of a velocity-time graph is always the average acceleration of the object. Our acceleration is almost near to 9.8 m/s2 so for both tossed and drop data, so it is expected that we can same or almost same slope near to that constant value.

The velocity becomes relatively large negative as the object moves downward approaching to the ground and it becomes relatively large positive when it moves upward. Upward motion is positive velocity that increases uniformly with the acceleration and downward motion is negative.


3b. Yes, it will always stop at the top and velocity becomes zero. The moment it stop and velocity becomes zero at an instant where it already reaches its maximum height. This is due to the force of gravity that pulls the object downward. Without the gravitational pull any object suspended in air will continue moving in its direction of motion forever.


3c. the data points on the table is not very clear but you can do it the exact one I will just give you my approximation:

Drawing a horizontal line halfway from the minimum to maximum height meaning you are to draw from the graph from the center of the complete parabola then compute the time as:


∆t(above half height) =0.66s;  ∆t(below half height) =0.99s-0.66s=0.33s

∆t(total) =0.66s+0.33s=0.99s

The ball spends more time above half height because the height is bigger compare to the below that will affect the time of the motion of the object.






Just another WordPress site